On October 11, 1962 the Second Vatican Council opened under the pontificate of Pope John XXIII.
The Second Vatican Council had the largest gathering in Church history with 2,540 voting members from around the world, 480 advisors and 80 non-Catholic observers.
Vatican II was a world-wide council with a world-wide episcopate. And one of its central purposes could be summed up by Pope John XXIII in his opening address to the council:
“What is needed, and what everyone with a truly Christian, Catholic and Apostolic spirit craves today, is that this doctrine shall be more widely known, more deeply understood, and more penetrating in its effects on men’s moral lives. What is needed is that this certain and immutable doctrine, to which the faithful owe obedience, be studied afresh and reformulated in contemporary terms. For the deposit of faith, or truth which are contained in our time-honored teaching is one thing; the manner in which these truths are set forth (with their meaning preserved intact) is something else.”
We will highlight various documents of Vatican II during this Lenten season in the Year of Faith.